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The term Executive Functions (EF) emerged in the early 1980s to describe a set of cognitive abilities necessary for assessing, establishing, maintaining, supervising, correcting, and executing any activity in our daily lives.

Executive Functions are, therefore, higher-level cognitive processes that allow us to achieve a goal by planning and implementing projects aimed at its attainment. Furthermore, EF is necessary for monitoring and modifying one's behavior when needed or adapting it to new contextual conditions.

From these statements, it can be inferred that executive functioning is a key element for success in school, work, and relationships. When EF does not function correctly, many processes are affected: attention, impulse control, self-regulation, initiative, working memory, cognitive flexibility, use of feedback, planning, and problem-solving become less effective (see figure below).

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